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Kidney Stones

Kidney stones or renal calculi are hard deposits of minerals and crystal, which are formed in the urine. They are common and affect up to 10% of the population. The main risk factors for kidney stone formation are: Older age Male sex Obesity Race Family history of kidney stone Dehydration Medical conditions such as : […]

PUJ Obstruction

PUJ (pelvic-ureteric junction) obstruction is a rare but important condition, where there is a narrowing at the junction of kidney (renal pelvis) to ureter (image). This narrowing can result in loss of kidney function over time. Other implications include: Pain, kidney infection as well as formation of renal stones. PUJ obstruction is usually a congenital […]

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is the third most common urological cancer. Each year approximately 3000 news cases are diagnosed and it accounts for 920 deaths per year in Australia. They are often incidentally diagnosed on ultrasound, CT or MRI scans and usually do not present with symptom. Symptoms however can include: blood in the urine, pain in […]